A stained ceiling indicates a roof leak or a condensation problem. It’s important to identify if the stain is a result of condensation or a leak, before you try to fix the ceiling.
Identifying the stain
It is easy to tell a condensation stain from a roof leak stain. Condensation stains are typically found near an exterior wall, on a ceiling panel and generally in a corner. The stains will appear as a number of small circular stains, in different sizes and often with white centers. These stains can be present even without heavy rainfall as a result of excess moisture in the home.
A rain leak stain that has resulted from a leaking roof can appear anywhere on the ceiling. The stains also appear in rings, originating from the same source and radiating outwards. As the rings spread outwards the rings get lighter, with the center stain being the darkest (because it is the oldest). If there are lots of stains around the original one in the middle you know that the leak has been there for a long time.
Fixing a leak
You should not replace the stained ceiling until you’ve fixed the root of the problem. The first thing to do is locate the leak. A small leak is often caused by a tiny hole in the roof directly above the stain on the ceiling below. This is not always the case however, leaks can be hard to find and in many case the hole in the roof is not directly above the ceiling stain. Another common site to find a leak is between the flashing and the roof itself.
Locating the source of a leak can take some time. You can hire a roofer to locate and fix the leak for you, however identify the leak in advance can save you money and make it easier for the roofer to quote a price to reactify the problem.
Dealing with condensation
Condensation is caused by a build up of too much moisture in your home. If the stains are on your ceiling the first place to check is the area above the ceiling panel. By removing the panel you’ll be able to see if there is a vapor barrier (a plastic sheet often directly attached to the insulation), this sheet is important becuase it keeps moisture away from the insulation.
In some cases, generally older properties, you may not have a moisture barrier. In these cases it is best to have a vapor barrier installed above your ceiling panels to prevent a build up of condensation.
The key to prevent a build up of condensation is ventilation. You should make sure your kitchen and bathrooms have adequate extractor fans installed to prevent an excess of moisture building up. Also avoid airing clothes in the house, or rooms that are prone to condensation build up. For rooms with exisiting stains and condensation problems you should use a dehumnidifier to remove mositure from the room.
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